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A new study carried out in Australia has found that most 12-17 year-old teens are not online pirates, with around 74% abstaining from the habit. However, those that do consume illegally tend to buy, rent and visit the movies more often than their non-pirating counterparts.

sadpirateOver the past few years Australia has been labeled one of the world’s hotspots when it comes to online piracy, with movie and TV show companies criticizing the public for obtaining content without paying for it.

Countering, Australians have complained fiercely about being treated as second-class consumers, with products often appearing months after their debut in other territories. There are signs that entertainment companies are beginning to listen, but piracy will probably be a difficult habit to break in the short term.

A new study published today claims that not only are the numbers of pirates increasing, but they’re also pirating more frequently.

Commissioned by the IP Awareness Foundation which counts the MPA, Foxtel and other key industry players among its members, the study found that 29% of Aussie adults aged between 18-64 are regular or occasional pirates, up from 25% last year.

The anonymous study also reveals some interesting trends as teens progress towards adulthood. In the 12 to 13 year-old group active pirates made up 14% of respondents but just a year later this doubles. Among 14 to 15 year-olds, active pirates increased to 29%.

By the ages of 16 and 17 this figure had grown even further to 36%.


It’s clear that the industry would like to have the older generation influence its children to download less or not at all and the study suggests that parental influence carries the most weight with teens.

Overall, 67% of respondents said it is their parents who provide the most guidance on how to behave online, with 19% citing schools and teachers. Interestingly, just 7% mentioned peers as an influence with 1% or less mentioning the government.

However, while parents appear to carry the most influence, the perils of illegal downloading aren’t at the top of their concerns. Not releasing personal details online was the most discussed topic, followed by virus and malware, unsuitable (18+) websites and care over financial details.

Although the topic of illegal downloading was last on the list overall, those who don’t pirate said their parents discussed the subject more than those who pirate regularly.


Whether the parental discussions over malware paid off isn’t clear, but 63% of teen pirates said they were aware that ads on pirate sites could contain malicious software. But while aware of the risks, most had experienced no problems, with just 13% claiming an infection when downloading movies or TV shows or clicking ads on a pirate site.

Perhaps of most interest is the finding that teen pirates engage in legal media consumption habits at similar or improved levels to their illegal ones. Furthermore, teens who don’t pirate appear to consume less content legally than their pirating counterparts.

For instance, while around 35% of active downloaders obtain a movie from the Internet at least once each month without paying, 38% also rent a movie or TV show legally. Among non-pirates, this figure is just 27%.

Equally, while 37% of pirates admit to illegally streaming content at least once a month, 69% pay to see movies at the cinema. Among the non-pirates, the figure is just 49%.


The findings also show that pirates are more engaged when it comes to consuming legal media online digitally. Some 46% of teen pirates said they download movies and TV shows from services such as iTunes each month while among non-pirates the figure is just 29%.

In respect of finding illegal content, just two main methods are cited by the teen respondents. A total of 59% said they go directly to their favorite sites to find movies and TV shows, while 22% said they used a search engine such as Google or Bing.

The study concludes by suggesting that anti-piracy education should be focused on the younger generation, to educate children before they reach 13 years-old when peer pressure kicks in and parents have less involvement.

A good balance might also be to work out how to get non-pirating teens as involved in buying legal content as their pirating counterparts.


Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

The Right Click Menu or the Context Menu is the menu, which appears, when you right-click on the desktop or a file or folder in Windows. This menu gives you added functionality by offering you actions you can take with the item. Most programs like to stuff their commands in this menu. While they can be useful, the problem is that even when you uninstall the programs, they fail to remove the respective context menu item, making the menu slow and appear cluttered.
context menu Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

Edit Windows Context Menu

If you wish to reduce this clutter or remove items from this menu which are no longer useful, you can do so. Most programs will offer the explorer integration in their Settings, and if you look around, you may be able to find it and disable the explorer context-menu integration. If not, you will have to edit the registry or use a third-party freeware.

Using Registry Editor

Run regedit to open the Registry Editor and navigate to the following key:


registry context menu 400x266 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

Hereyou need to simply delete the keys you don’t want. There are other registry locations too where this data may be stored. To know more about the other location, please refer this post on mvps.org .

Context Menu Editors

You can also use 3rd-party freeware context menu editors to remove context menu items, or to add or edit them..

1) Some of our following freeware will help you edit the right-click context menu easily.

right click extender1 400x287 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

Ultimate Windows CustomizerRight-Click Extender for Windows and Context Menu Editor for Windows are freeware releases from the Windows Cluband you may want to check them out.

2) ContextEdit  will allow you easily control the items that appear on your context menu of Windows Explorer.

context edit 400x255 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

The context menu often contains numerous rarely-used commands. These commands come from one of two places: shell commands stored within the system Registry, and context menu handlers.

3) You can also try ShellExtView  or  ShellMenuView . They are small utilities that display the list of static menu items that appear in the context menu when you right-click a file/folder in Windows Explorer, and allow you to easily disable or edit unwanted menu items.

shellmenuview 400x300 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

4) File Menu Tools  lets you add, delete & customize the context menu items of the Windows Explorer.

file menu tools 400x298 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

It lets configure the following aspects:

  • Add some build-in utilities in order to do operations over files and folders.
  • Add customized commands which let run external applications, copy/move to a specific folder or delete specific file types.
  • Configure the “Sends to…” sub menu”.
  • Enable/disable the commands which are added by other applications to the context menu and much more !

5] If you are you looking for a fast and easy way to clean up your Window Explorer and Internet Explorer right-click context menu, try MenuMaid.

menumaid explorer 400x299 Add, Remove, Edit Context Menu items in Windows 7 | 8

Simply download the portable freeware app MenuMaid and uncheck the items you don’t want to show up. It also lets you disable or remove items from the Internet Explorer context menu. If you want to restore them, check them again. Read this post if you want to remove items from the “New” Context Menu.


1337x Chat

PCs Before Windows: What Using MS-DOS Was Actually Like


Consumer PCs didn’t always run Windows. Before Windows arrived, PCs came with Microsoft’s MS-DOS operating system. Here’s what the command-line environment was actually like to use.

No, MS-DOS was not just like using the Linux terminal or firing up the Command Prompt in  window on your fancy graphical desktop. Many things we take for granted just weren’t possible back then.

The DOS PC Experience

DOS was a command-line operating system with no graphical windows. You booted up your computer and then saw a DOS prompt. You had to know the commands to type at this prompt to launch programs, run built-in utilities, and actually do something with your computer.



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You had to know a few commands to get around the operating system. To switch between different drives — for example, to access a floppy drive at drive A: — you’d type something like A: at the prompt and press Enter.

To change directories, you’d use theCD command. To view the files in a current directory, you’d use the DIR command. To run a program, you’d type the name of the program’s executable file at the prompt.

For example, if you picked up a new floppy disk with an awesome new program on it, you’d push the floppy disk into your floppy drive — waiting while the loud magnetic drive read the contents of your disk — and then run commands like the following:



SETUP or INSTALL (depending on the name of the program’s installer)

You’d then go through the installer and install the program — basically just extracting the files — to a folder on your tiny hard drive. You’d often have to swap floppy disks because larger programs didn’t fit on a single floppy, but afterwards you could run the program without using a floppy disk.


You’d then run the C: command to go back to drive C, use the CD command to enter the folder containing your installed program, and run the program with a command like PROGNAME. The program file’s name would have to be that short, too — MS-DOS limited file names to eight characters followed by a period and a three-letter extension. For example, PROGNAME.EXE is the longest file name you could have.

Some programs tried to simplify things for typical users. For example, you had file managers like Norton Commander that provided for viewing and managing files without needing commands. This is the style of most DOS programs you’d find — it’s all about arranging text on the screen.


No Multitasking

Forget multitasking; DOS did one thing at a time. When you opened a program, that program took up your entire screen. Want to use another program? You’d need to close the current program and enter the command to open the other program.

To get around this limitation, DOS provided a “terminate and stay resident” (TSR) function. A program that supported this feature could hook into a keyboard shortcut. You’d press the appropriate keyboard shortcut and the current program would shut down and stay in memory. The other program would then load itself from memory.

TSR isn’t really multitasking. The program isn’t actually running in the background. Instead, it’s shut down and there’s a quick way to relaunch it. DOS can only run one program at a time.

This is significantly different from modern shells like the ones found on Linux, which allow you to run programs and services in the background, use multiple text-mode terminals, and do other advanced things. DOS was nowhere near as powerful as that.


Hardware Support and Real Mode

DOS didn’t really support hardware devices in the way operating systems support hardware today. Programs that needed to directly access hardware — for example, a DOS game that wanted to use your sound card to output sound — had to support that hardware directly. If you were developing a DOS game or a similar application, you’d have to code in support for all the types of sound cards your users might have. Luckily, many sound cards were Sound Blaster compatible. You’d use a SETUP program to configure this setting separately for each program you used.



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Because of the way DOS worked, programs that wanted to directly access memory and peripherals needed to run in real mode, or real address mode. In real mode, a single program could write to any memory address on the on the computers hardware with no protection. This only worked because you could only run one program at a time. Windows 3.0 brought protected mode, which restricted what running applications can do.

To this day, you still can’t run many DOS games in the Command Prompt on Windows. The Command Prompt runs applications in protected mode, but these games require real mode. This is why you need DOSBox to run many old DOS games.

Windows Was Just Another DOS Program

The original popular versions of Windows — think Windows 3.0 and Windows 3.1 — were actually programs that ran under MS-DOS. So you’d start your computer, see the DOS prompt, and then type the WIN command to launch the Windows program, which gave you that Windows 3-style desktop, known as the Program Manager. Of course, you could have your computer automatically launch Windows by adding the WIN command to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file and DOS would automatically run the Windows command when you booted.


You could exit Windows and go back to DOS, which was actually necessary at the time. People had DOS applications and games that required real mode and couldn’t be run from within Windows.

Windows 95, 98, 98 SE, and ME pushed DOS further to the background. Windows 95 acted like an operating system of its own, but DOS always lurked in the background. These versions of Windows were still built on DOS. It was only with Windows XP that consumer versions of Windows finally left DOS behind and switched to a modern, 32-bit Windows NT kernel.


The Windows desktop is now regarded by many people — even Microsoft themselves — as a relic that’s out-of-date in an age of simplified mobile interfaces and touch screens. But there was a time when the Windows desktop was the new, user-friendly interface.

Image Credit: mrdorkesq on Flickr

how to use virgins usenet server at DuckDuckGo

Continuing a long-standing New Year’s tradition, today we present an up-to-date list of the world’s most-visited BitTorrent sites. At the start of 2014 The Pirate Bay continues to pull in the most visitors, followed by KickassTorrents and Torrentz. Household name isoHunt.com disappears after settling with the MPAA, but its replacement isoHunt.to is one of this year’s newcomers.

2014With 2013 now behind us, which torrent sites are pulling in the most visitors at the start of 2014?

Traditionally, BitTorrent users are very loyal, which is reflected in the top 10 where most sites have had a consistent listing for more than half a decade. But in common with every year, 2014 sees a few movers and shakers, as well as several newcomers.

The top three slots remain intact compared to last year, with The Pirate Bay in the lead despite several domain name changes.

The most notable absentee this year is isoHunt. The site has been featured in the top 10 since 2006, but went offline in 2013 after it settled its legal dispute with the MPAA for $110 million.

Last year’s newcomer H33t also fell out of the top 10 after it lost its domain name. The site relaunched after two months downtime at H33t.to but has lost most of its traffic.

The first newcomer in the top 10 this year is YIFY-Torrents, which is also one of the youngest torrent sites after being founded in 2011. The site has grown tremendously over recent months, and by focusing on popular movie releases YIFY has evolved intoHollywood’s new nemesis.

Isohunt clone/replacement isoHunt.to is the second newcomer, which is quite an achievement since the site only launched two months ago. RARBG is the last ‘new’ name, the site has been around for many years but is listed in the top 10 for the first time.

Below is the full list of the top 10 most-visited torrent sites at the start of the new year. Only public and English language content sites are included. The list is based on various traffic reports and we display the Alexa and U.S. Compete rank for each. In addition, we include last year’s ranking for each of the 10 sites.

Did we miss anything? Feel free to join the discussion below.

1. The Pirate Bay

To many people The Pirate Bay is synonymous with BitTorrent. The site was founded more than a decade ago and is still expanding, despite various legal troubles, domain hops and ISP blockades. The Pirate Bay currently has well over a billion page views a month.

Alexa Rank: 79 (est) / Compete Rank: NA / Last year #1

2. KickassTorrents

KickassTorrents was founded in 2009 and has quickly moved up in our top 10, settling into 2nd position this year. Responding to a looming domain seizure the site moved from its kat.ph domain to Kickass.to last August. Despite domain troubles and blockades by Internet providers in the UK and Italy, the site continues to grow.

Alexa Rank: 103 / Compete Rank: 452 / Last year #2

3. Torrentz

Torrentz has been the leading BitTorrent meta-search engine for many years. Unlike the other sites featured in the list Torrentz does not host any torrent files, it merely redirects visitors to other places on the web. The site uses several domain names with .eu being the most popular.

Alexa Rank: 153 / Compete Rank: 1.377 / Last year #3

4. ExtraTorrent

ExtraTorrent continues to gain more traffic and has moved up again in the top 10, now placed as the 4th most-visited torrent site. This success didn’t go unnoticed by rightsholders groups such as the MPAA who recently called out ExtraTorrent as one of the top pirate sites. The site was forced to trade in its .com domain for .cc this year, after it was suspended by its domain registrar.

Alexa Rank: 363 / Compete Rank: 2,286 / Last year #5

5. YIFY-Torrents

Roughly three years ago nobody had ever heard of YIFY but today the movie release group is one of the most recognizable movie piracy brands on the Internet. This reputation resulted in a court-ordered ISP blockade in the UK last year.

Alexa Rank: 809 / Compete Rank: 6,245 / Last year #NA


Unlike the other sites in the top 10, TV-torrent distribution group EZTV is a niche site specializing in TV content only. Because of its focus, EZTV’s traffic varies in line with the TV seasons.

Alexa Rank: 1,050 / Compete Rank: 10,790 / Last year #7

7. 1337x

1337x focuses more on the community aspect than some competitors. The site’s owners say they launched 1337x to “fill an apparent void where it seemed there was a lack of quality conscience ad free torrent sites with public trackers.” In common with most other sites in the top 10, 1337x.org is currently blocked by the larger UK Internet providers.

Alexa Rank: 1,382 / Compete Rank: 11,445 / Last year #6

8. isoHunt.to

Isohunt.to was launched last October, less than two weeks after isoHunt.com shut down. The site is not affiliated with the old isoHunt crew but copied the site’s design. This has not been without success, as the site now has millions of pageviews a day.

Alexa Rank: 1,550 / Compete Rank: NA / Last year #NA

9. BitSnoop

BitSnoop is one of the largest BitTorrent indexes, claiming to index a massive 21,437,061 torrent files at the time of writing. The site’s torrents list continues to grow steadily, as do the number of DMCA notices that it receives.

Alexa Rank: 1,714 / Compete Rank: 5,633 / Last year #8


RARBG, which started out as a Bulgarian tracker several years ago, is the third newcomer in the top 10. Together with isoHunt.to it is the only website in the list that hasn’t been blocked in the UK, which may in part explain its popularity.

Alexa Rank: 1,867 / Compete Rank: 13,238 / Last year #NA


Disclaimer: Yes, we know that Alexa isn’t perfect and that Compete has plenty of flaws, but combined both do a pretty good job at comparing sites that operate in a similar niche. The Alexa rank for The Pirate Bay is estimated based on the ranking of the .sx domain and isoHunt’s Alexa ranking is based on the past month only.

Guide for Re-encoding Blu-ray to x264 MKV With MeGUI | RIBO Labs

Guide for Re-encoding Blu-ray to x264 MKV With MeGUI

May 23, 2009 at 12:59 pm 50 comments

This guide will show you how to re-encode a Blu-ray movie to a x264 Matroska container (.MKV).

Before starting please note that most computers will take over 32 hours to encode a 1080p movie with the recommended profile here (although you can also do a much faster profile which I will briefly cover). I do not recommend encoding on any laptop/netbook or desktop with lower specs then an Intel 2.4 Ghz Core 2 Duo. On lesser computers you may not be able to multitask or even move your mouse until encoding is complete. It took about 18 hours to encode the movie in this guide at an average of 9.74 FPS on the first pass and 2.78 FPS for the second pass on a Intel Core i7 @ 2.66 Ghz with 12GB of RAM and the HDDs in Raid0. Whatever computer you use, ensure that it has adequate cooling.

You will need:

– A Computer with Windows XP, Windows Vista, or Windows 7 (Windows XP users must have .NET Framework 2.0 installed to use MeGUI, untested in Windows 7 and will remain so until RTM)

– AnyDVD HD, version or above although current version is always recommended to remove the latest BD+ protection

– AviSynth 2.5, (I used version 2.5.8, install first)

– MeGUI latest stable, (install second)

– MKVToolnix for Windows, (install third)

– ffdshow, media decoder and encoder (may not be required in Windows 7, I used the “tryout” December 22, 2008 build)

– Haali Media Splitter

– eac3to 3.16 (extract to the root of C:\ or another location you will remember)

– Plugins for AviSynth, Mirror 1Mirror 2Mirror 3 (extract to Program Files > AviSynth 2.5 > plugins)

– SurCode DVD DTS, DTS audio encoder (not required if the source audio is AC3)

– Blu-ray compatible drive

– Blu-ray Movie


Open MeGUI and update everything (an update screen should open on it’s own), when asked to import presets select and import everything. Close MeGUI. It may be a good idea to restart your computer at this time.

Put the Blu-ray disk in your drive.

Step 1:

Rip BD to Harddisk with AnyDVD (ending with step 3).

Step 2:

Open MeGUI.

Go to Menu Bar > Tools > AVS Script Creator.

Input  the main movie, found within BDMV > STREAM (normally the largest *.m2ts). A preview window should open — leave it open.

Step 3:

Leaving the preview window open, pull up the  “AviSynth script creator” window again. More options should be visible.

Tick “Crop” and then click “Auto Crop” (you may need to manually crop).

Next tick “Resize”, if you know what the true resolution is type it in, if not tick “Suggest Resolution (mod16)” then untick “Suggested Resolution (mod16)”.

Set Input DAR to ITU 16:9 NTSC.

If you want to do a 1080p (source) encode skip to step 4 (which I will be doing), if you want to reduce the resolution to 720p continue with this step.

My movie is 1920 x 816 (see the resize field), so I will use a table to figure out what resolution I must use for a 720p encode.

1080p Resolutions:
AR            Resolution

1.333:1 = 1400 x 1080
1.666:1 = 1800 x 1080
1.777:1 = 1920×1080

1.839:1 = 1920 x 1044
1.846:1 = 1920 x 1040
1.853:1 = 1920 x 1036

2.341:1 = 192o x 820
2.352:1 = 1920 x 816 <– this is my source resolution
2.364:1 = 1920 x 812
2.376:1 = 1920 x 808
2.388:1 = 1920 x 804
2.400:1 = 1920 x 800
2.412:1 = 1920 x 796

720p Resolutions:
AR            Resolution

1.333:1 = 960 x 720
1.666:1 = 1200 x 720
1.777:1 = 1280 x 720

1.839:1 = 1280 x 696
1.849:1 = 1280 x 692
1.860:1 = 1280 x 688

2.335:1 = 1280 x 548
2.352:1 = 1280 x 544 <– this is what my 720p resolution will be
2.370:1 = 1280 x 540
2.388:1 = 1280 x 536
2.406:1 = 1280 x 532
2.424:1 = 1280 x 528

Once you figure out your new resolution, type it in the resize fields.

Step 4:

Go to the last tab, titled “Edit”, this is where you can add filters such as ‘sharpen’. Generally with 1080p encodes you will leave the encode as close to the source as possible.

At the bottom of the textbox write:


While it is very detailed and complex what this actually does, in short it can improve your encode and make everything a little smoother.

If you first would like to do a sample encode enter the following code at the bottom of the text box:

trim(xxxx,yyyy) # xxxx is the starting frame and yyyy is the ending frame so for 500 frames you will type trim(4736,5236)

Uncheck “On Save close and load to be encoded”, and then save.

If the MeGUI Script Creator and preview windows do not close, you can do so.

Step 5:

Now we get to work with the audio.

To check what audio streams you have to work with, open Command Prompt (Start > All Programs > Accessories).

You must change CMD to use the directory eac3to is in. I extracted eac3to to my C drive so I must type “cd c:\eac3to316″ (316 is the build number).

I placed Bedtime Stories on my desktop in a folder called “bedtime_stories” so I must type “eac3to c:\users\admin\desktop\bedtime_stories0000.m2ts” (please note that this will not work if you have a space in any of the folders or file names).

After processing the streams, eac3to will list them (explained below).

1)  H.264/AVC this is the video, you can also see that it is 1080 pixels in hight, runs at an average of 24 FPS, and has an aspect ratio of 16:9.

2) DTS Master Audio this is an audio stream, you can see that it has 5.1 channels (used for a 5.1 surround sound system), and has a bitrate of 1509. This is the one we are looking for it can be called many different things, take note whether it is an AC3 stream or not.

3 & 4) AC3 this is another audio stream, Bedtime Stories was released with both French and Spanish languages as extras so this is one of those, bitrate of 640.

5 – 9)  These are all subtitles, I’m not entirely sure what they all are although the movie includes English, French and Spanish subs.

Remember the track position of the desired audio stream.

This guide will now split for extracting the audio,

For AC3:

Use the following command:

eac3to “<drive>:\<folders>\<file name>.m2ts” <track>: “<drive>:\<folders>\audio_track<track number>.ac3″

So if I wanted the spoken language for my movie to be French I would write:

eac3to “c:\users\admin\desktop\bedtime_stories0000.m2ts” 3: “c:\users\admin\desktop\bedtime_stories\audio_track3.ac3″

Wait for eac3to to extract your audio (continue with step 6).

For DTS or True-HD:

If the audio is a form of DTS (such as this one) or True-HD you must have SurCode installed before continuing.

Use the following code:

eac3to “<drive>:\<folders>\<file name>.m2ts” <track>: “<drive>:\<folders>\audio_track<track number>.dts” -1536

I will be using:

eac3to “c:\users\admin\desktop\bedtime_stories0000.m2ts” 2: “c:\users\admin\desktop\bedtime_stories\audio_track2.dts” -1536

Wait for eac3to and SurCode to decode the audio to *.wavs, then encode to a *.dts.

Step 6:

Now that we know what format of audio we have we can calculate the bitrate.

Import the AviSynth Script that we just created (under video not audio), a preview window should open — you can close it.

Set the file format to MKV.

To set the bitrate we must go to Menu > Tools > Bitrate Calculator.

For audio type select the format you will be using (AC3 or DTS), for AC3 set the bitrate to 640 and for DTS set it to 1536.

Now you will have to decide on a bitrate. While every movie is different, I normally choose a bitrate anywhere from 9,000 to 14,000 kilobits/second for 1080p and about half that for 720p based on test encodes. This is definitely an art! For Bedtime Stories I found 12,100 kb/s to be good. If this is your first encode I would recommend using a preset of 1 DVD-9.

Click “Apply” (if asked to copy bitrate to video settings hit Yes).

Step 7:

For encoder settings we will create a custom profile, although use “x264: DXVA-HD-Fast” if your computer is slow or you don’t care much about quality and want to shorten the time to encode by about 3x (then skip to step 8).

Set profile to “x264: DXVA-HD-Insane” and click “Config” to change some settings which will speed things up.

Click on the “New” button call this custom profile what you want, I’m going to call mine “Insane Speedified”

Check Turbo, increase Threads to 6, and change the Deblocking Streagth to -3.

Go to the next tab (titled “RC and ME”), increase Number of Reference Frames to 5, uncheck “No Dct Deimation”, change M.E. Algorithm to “Multi hex”, and increase Psy-Trellis Strength to .8.

Next tap (“Advanced”), increase number of B-frames to 5, check B-pyramid, choose “All” for Macroblock Options.

Click “OK”!

You will be asked if you want to update the selected profile click “Yes”.

Step 8:

Now to encode the movie!

Hit Enqueue (the one in the video encoding box), this will queue your movie.

Go to the next tap called Queue, and hit Start.

A new dialog box will open reporting the current speed at which you are encoding along with other helpful info.

Step 9:

At this point you should have an AC3 or DTS audio stream, and an MKV with no audio. We now need to MUX them together into a single MKV.

Open “mkvmerge GUI” (installed with MKVToolnix) and the folder your files for encoding are in.

Drag both streams to the input box in mkvmerge.

Change the file name of the output so it will not overwrite the source.

Hit “Start muxing” and wait a few minutes… Yay! You completed your first encode, you should now be able to play the movie in your favorite media player!

Additional Notes:

Check back for our guide on adding subs to encodes! While you are waiting (it may be a *long* while out), experiment with SubRip to add subtitles to your encode (this can be helpful when the date or location of a scene is not part of the screen but a subtitle).

Post a comment and let us know if you have any tips, questions, or just want to let us know how it went!

Shouts to all of the people and sources who are not listed. I could never have learned how to encode without them!

Check with your governing laws before downloading/installing/enabling/using any of the programs listed here! You assume full responsibility!

720p Resolutions:
1.333:1 = 960×720
1.666:1 = 1200×720
1.777:1 = 1280×7201.839:1 = 1280×696
1.849:1 = 1280×692
1.860:1 = 1280×688

2.335:1 = 1280×548
2.352:1 = 1280×544
2.370:1 = 1280×540
2.388:1 = 1280×536
2.406:1 = 1280×532
2.424:1 = 1280×528

1080p Resolutions:
1.333:1 = 1400×1080
1.666:1 = 1800×1080
1.777:1 = 1920×1080

1.839:1 = 1920×1044
1.846:1 = 1920×1040
1.853:1 = 1920×1036

2.341:1 = 1920×820
2.352:1 = 1920×816
2.364:1 = 1920×812
2.376:1 = 1920×808
2.388:1 = 1920×804
2.400:1 = 1920×800
2.412:1 = 1920×796

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Virtualization For Dummies – Free eBook From Sun Systems


50 Comments Add your own

  • […] Guide for Re-encoding Blu&hellip  |  May 23, 2009 at 12:59 […]


  • 2. Scott  |  June 4, 2009 at 7:19 pm

    So, how much space is saved after this process??


    • 3. Scotty  |  June 4, 2009 at 7:31 pm

      > So, how much space is saved after this process??

      I take it you are talking about source file size vs encode file size?

      On average I find the encode will be 1/3rd the size of the source with no visible loss. Of course this greatly depends on the movie itself and what bitrate you use.


  • 4. Mart  |  June 16, 2009 at 10:54 am

    Good guide, thanks.

    One point about DTS tracks. If the audio track is DTS-HD/DTS-MA you can simply extract the core DTS track using the ‘-core’ switch in place of ‘-1536′ in the eac3to commands. This also has the advantage of not requiring Surcode.

    I’m using this guide to encode video suitable for playback on PS3, so I’m selecting the profile in MeGUI ‘Standalone-PS3-Xbox360′. I wonder if there are more tweaks I can make to this profile to improve quality for PS3, ignoring the ability to playback on Xbox360 – does anyone know?


  • 5. Bas  |  July 5, 2009 at 4:02 am

    Great tutorial thx, it helped me out a lot.
    Mart thx also for sharing the tip about the DTS track.


  • 6. Lex80  |  July 23, 2009 at 3:46 pm

    Nice guide mate.

    But about DTS-HD Master Audio,
    is better just extract the core?

    I have Surcode and Arcsoft,
    so the programs are not a problem..

    I’m asking for better quality?

    I’m a bit n00bs, so I’m confused..

    Thanks in advance!


  • 7. camon  |  July 29, 2009 at 3:41 am

    If instead of DTS was TrueHD what should we put a the bitrate option. Should we put -1536. I’m a bit confused how can we calculate that or if that’s a standard


  • 8. Beatslars  |  August 3, 2009 at 10:38 am

    The final process only encoded 30 seconds of video. What do I do?


  • 9. gremlin  |  August 6, 2009 at 3:54 pm

    It sounds like you may have applied the optional step to make a sample of the video. Check to make sure that the “trim(xxxx,yyyy)” is not in the script.

    Great guide. I had been using xvid for HD movies but x264 is much better. I think megui gives some of the best results although it takes double the time other programs I’ve used to encode x264 do (I guess that’s how it gives us such great results :P).


    • 10. gremlin  |  August 6, 2009 at 5:37 pm

      For those wondering about whether to use -1536 or -core to make a DTS track this guide should be useful:


      Like Mart said only use -core when the source audio file is DTS-HD/MA. Otherwise use -1536 or -768 depending on what the source bitrate is. Keep in mind converting to a bitrate higher than the source will loose quality.


  • 11. Chad Jacobson  |  August 25, 2009 at 3:10 am

    Hello there,

    Before my question, I want to offer serious thanks for taking all the time and effort you have to simplify the blu-ray re-encoding process. I’ve followed your directions to the letter, but when I start a job in the Queue, the MeGUI status window pops on and then immediately off and the job fails. After this failure, the end of my log entry reads as follows…”Standard error stream: C:\Program Files (x86)\megui\tools\x264\x264.exe: unrecognised option ‘–no-mbtree’. Any help or ideas would be profoundly appreciated. Thanks in advance for your time and attention.


  • 12. Kardargo  |  August 29, 2009 at 12:13 pm

    Had the same probblem. error no-mbtree.

    Try to replace the x264.exe with the most recent one that you can download from their site.

    If that doesn’t work, here is another way to worj around the problem.:

    In the encoding-profile enable mbtree in the advanced settings. Save the profile. Next just create your queue-jobs for encoding as you normally would. Dont start the job, but close megui.

    In the megui-folder there is a folder named jobs. In it are the xml-files for the queued jobs (2 if your using 2-pass encoding)
    Edit the xml-files, find the tag for mbtree and change the value within the tag from false to true.

    Start Megui and go to the queue-tab. If you now start the jobs, things should work.


  • 13. Chad Jacobson  |  August 29, 2009 at 2:21 pm

    Thanks so much Kardargo for your feedback! Since my last posting, somehow I’ve managed to get things to work. Wasn’t easy, but your suggestion to swap the x264.exe was indeed related to the solution. Ironically, what I discovered was only the latest 32-bit x264 makes things work on my 64-bit system. All this time I assumed the x64 version wasn’t a problem. Just finished my first encode with no errors. Thanks for taking the time to respond.




  • 14. Boz  |  August 30, 2009 at 4:17 am

    A few notes.

    Even though I agree and personally use DTS 1.5mbps in my MKVs simply because people will not hear the difference between 1.5mbps and DTS-MA audio streams (same goes with DD+ above 640kbps) because there’s only a certain level of quality we can hear, the overage in bitrate on DTS-MA and TrueHD is really kind of pointless. There’s a really great article about it where guys from Home Theater magazine visited Dolby and DTS labs and conducted blind test on DTS and DD vs DTS-MA and TrueHD.


    The interesting part is that it’s not really shocking.

    With this being said, and if you simply don’t accept the compromise the best possible size vs quality ratio including later ability to re-encode into something else I would suggest MKV + FLAC combo.

    The reason is, you don’t need expensive SurCode DTS Pro encoder (FLAC will be generated with eac3to). Once you are done with transcoding the video only to drastically lower the size (do not transcode audio because it takes a lot of time) you should merge the streams with MKVMerge (MKVToolnix).

    You will get mkv h264 video (my suggestion is to keep it between 18-20mbps bitrate) and FLAC which is lossless.

    This combo is perfect and more or less future proof. You can re-encode audio into something else later if you need to.


  • 15. Beatslars  |  September 3, 2009 at 1:45 pm

    I’m having a problem with the MKVMerge, it says I have:
    encountered broken or unparsable data in this AVC/h.264 video track. Either your file is damaged (which mkvmerge cannot cope with yet) or this is a bug in mkvmerge itself. The error message was:

    I can’t seem to figure out what’s wrong, oh and when I ran command prompt I had to rip AC3, there’s was the video option to extract or the audio option which was a RAW/PCM.


  • 16. Hey  |  November 19, 2009 at 12:16 am

    Finally a Blu-Ray Ripping tutorial by one of the pros. I’ve been searching for this for months now. I wasn’t satisfied with “BestHD Blu-Ray Ripper” or “PavTube Blu-Ray Ripper.” WTF is a PavTube anyway?! You know what I mean, these little P.O.S. ripping programs with their single pass encoding are truly crap and I knew that someone somewhere had taken the time to make a pro tut with screen shots explaining MeGUI and the muxing process. Thank you!


  • 17. dilby  |  November 26, 2009 at 1:31 am

    was able to rip TAKEN 720p in 12 hours with my laptop running i7@ 1.6 & 4gb of ram


  • 18. Moe  |  December 27, 2009 at 7:32 am

    Anyone knows how to use an hardware decoder for the x264 track.
    My computer has a hardware x264 decoder inside (Broadcom MiniPCI BCM70012) which is able to read and decode x264 realtime for watching it.
    It driver registers a direct show filter which is associated with the hardware.
    I know how to use it in Media Player Classic (just set as preferred codec)

    Is there any way to use it for reading and encoding the video? (as small offload)
    Decoding would run only on the core2duo 2,4Ghz my laptop has


  • 19. flite  |  February 9, 2010 at 4:47 pm

    my god this takes forever, I had a projected rip time of 19 hours.

    When it finally finished, I breathed a sigh of relief as I could finally play video games, etc.



    • 20. flite  |  February 9, 2010 at 4:48 pm

      AMD quad core 9950


  • 21. Beck38  |  March 14, 2010 at 7:55 pm

    Cannot get eac3to to ‘auto launch’ Surcode after the wave(s) have been extracted, no matter WHERE I put either program (root, other drive, you name it). The program runs okay, creating the waves… then it says ‘cannot find surcode’ or some such, and then aborts, erasing all of it’s work.

    This is the kind of problem I’ve run into with ‘collections’ of ‘tools’ that .. don’t quite work together well, and the documentation on how they work (together) is completely lacking. There’s probably some kind of ‘trick’ which isn’t explained anywhere I can find.


  • 22. danielandross  |  March 19, 2010 at 6:37 am

    Isn’t there a way to do a single pass encoding? I don’t think the 2nd pass is worth the double waiting.


  • 23. Michael  |  April 9, 2010 at 6:33 am

    Can you please upload YOUR x264 profile so that it becomes easier for us to use, please…?
    It would help a lot, thanks…


  • 24. Daniel  |  April 14, 2010 at 6:39 pm

    I hate to be the hater, but… 14000-18000 kbps video and 1500 kbps is a joke.

    Give xvid a decent 0,2-0,25 bit/pixel/frame and have a look at the filteres for vdub, and I’ll show u a decent rip. This equals about 800-1000 kbps (PAL) videostream depending on the length of the movie (1cd). Give it some more pixels, and 30 % higher bit/frame/pixel and it will be flawless.

    If you then cmopare an xvid 592×312 (184K pixels) to this example,1280×544 (696K pixels), well find that its not even 4 times the amount of pixels, and when u comsider that x264 is supposed to be a stronger compressor (slightly) than xvid, u wouldnt need 14 times the filesize.

    So for a “1-cd” bluray-rip IN HD (!!) you would have a birate of about 4000. for a “2-cd” bluray-rip in hd you could have 7-8000. If it doesnt look good at these numbers, ur not doing it right, its that simple.

    And its just silly to be spending 1500kbps on audio. I remeber the time they told us that more than 128kb mp3 wasnt noticeable for people. Well, they were probably wrong, but 1500. thats just funny, if u ask me.

    stick with something like ac3 448kbps, Im sure I could feed ya 256 vbr and you couldnt tell it apart from the 1500dts – unless your some kinda audiophile and and have a 10k stereo. And if you did, why would you be playing ripped stuff on it anyways.

    I’ll say: a 720 p movie should FIT A NORMAL DVD, if its not UNUSUAL long (135 minutes +). Figure it out from the bits per pixel.

    Im just NOT spending a week to download, nor UPLOAD (prob 2-3 weeks to make it live), a 15 gb movie.


    • 25. peanut  |  May 9, 2010 at 9:06 pm

      i would love for you to write a tutorial and link me to it. if i can get a 1080p movie rip under 700MB i would be thrilled.


      • 26. peanut  |  May 9, 2010 at 9:07 pm

        edit: sorry, under 5gb would still thrill me. i misread your post noticing 1-cd and assumed you had a way to rip to 700mb or less.

    • 27. Gill  |  March 1, 2012 at 7:50 am

      shut up u peanut sucker u dont know dik about encoding bluray rips…mp3 is 2 channels left and right if someone has a 5.1 surround sound system in their room im pretty sure they would want dts 1510kbps instead of a lousy girly mp3 kid crap u say is better…and ac3 sucks to its so low volume compared to dts enuff said…


  • 28. MikeD  |  April 21, 2010 at 10:49 am

    I just wanted to say thanks for the article and taking the time to write it. You have shed a lot of light for a person like me.


  • 29. Steve Saulnier  |  April 22, 2010 at 9:12 am

    In Step 6 you select 12,100 kbps for your encoding and describe the process as an art. What were the criteria and method that you used to select 12,100 as the best encoded bit rate?


  • 30. Arvens  |  May 27, 2010 at 4:03 pm

    thanks… for guid !
    what kind of Avisynth scrips you usualy use ?


  • 31. Rich  |  June 12, 2010 at 2:33 am

    DTS is complete overkill unless you have an extremely expensive stereo system and audio-phile grade ears.

    Do yourself a favor and transcode the DTS to 5.1 multichannel AAC using eac3to and Nero’s encoder. You won’t be able to tell the difference and you’ll have a lot more space for your video bitrate. You can also include the other languages and commentary tracks because of all the space you save from not using DTS. You can easily include every audio track and subtitle for a 1080p movie, fit it on a DVD9, and still have it look amazing. Especially if you add some light denoising filters. Most new blu-rays have a lot of annoying film grain that hogs all the bitrate.


  • 32. ace  |  August 8, 2010 at 10:31 am

    I try encoding with MeGUI a 1080p movie to 720p and the result was an 400mb mkv file incomplete what an I doing wrong? can you upload a video tutorial or redirect me to a youtube video


  • 33. ace  |  August 8, 2010 at 1:51 pm

    at 99% of the first step the size of the .temp file should be 99%of the result file that should end with step 2 or smaller?


  • 34. ace  |  August 9, 2010 at 6:17 am

    What setings should I use to get a x264 file size desire
    The movie I encode has 2h:8m:18s and I am planing to use a ac3 of 448kbps and the megui bitrate calculator said to use a 4430kbps bitrate to reach dvd5 size but when i encode in pass2 :Status box it shows at the projected filesize 4.25gb /4.07/..it variates and it should show 3.97 gb what can you tell me about the final size ? or how vcan I predict the size with megui ? please give me an answer


  • 35. Duke  |  August 27, 2010 at 2:54 pm

    3-4 months ago I tripped across this, gave it a try on my #1 Vista machine; worked great, continues to work great, found the Sharktooth presets and got really going!

    BUT, decided to have a new machine built (6core), Vista, and ran into immediate problems with codecs. Why isn’t a specific codec pack specified? I get the dreaded ‘Renderfile: the filtergraph won’t talk to me’ error.

    I don’t get it on the first machine, never have. Yes, as that machine started out life as a HTPC there’s lots of video crud on it, but I tried putting several codec pacs on the new, to no avail.
    And whereas MVP works fine on #1, won’t play anything on #2 (Microsoft support FAILED to cure that).

    I found that the AVS script creator would partial process ONLY AVS movies (but would be in mpeg1!), and errored out on VC1.

    So, what’s going on? Why isn’t there a codec pack specifically for this setup? I must have really lucked out on #1!


  • 36. Beck  |  October 11, 2010 at 12:11 pm

    Using the ‘Sharktooth’ presets, the highest quality ones (DXVA-HD-Extra Quality and Insane) produce small ‘clips’ at best, like one is using the ‘trim’ command (but am not). Lower presets like ‘Fast’ and ‘HQ’ seem to work.

    Any idea as to what’s causing this? BTW, the presets work fine on other machines.


  • 37. Dude  |  October 12, 2010 at 11:04 pm

    Hi Everyone,

    Everytime I start a job it simply fails straight away, this is the log output that I am seeing in MeGUI:

    [Error] Log
    -[Information] Versions
    –[NoImage] MeGUI Version :
    –[NoImage] OS : Windows XP Professional x86 SP3 (5.1.196608.2600)
    –[NoImage] Latest .Net Framework installed : 3.5 (3.5.30729.01)
    –[NoImage] Avisynth Version :
    -[Error] Log for job1 (video, 00001.avs -> )
    –[Information] [10/13/2010 3:57:41 PM] Started handling job
    –[Information] [10/13/2010 3:57:41 PM] Preprocessing
    –[NoImage] Job commandline: “Z:\E\Blu Ray Rip\Software\Other\MeGUI_0.3.5\tools\x264\x264.exe” –level 4.1 –pass 1 –bitrate 11749 –stats “Z:\G\Blu-Ray Rips0001.stats” –deblock -1:-1 –keyint 24 –min-keyint 2 –b-adapt 2 –ipratio 1.1 –pbratio 1.1 –vbv-bufsize 30000 –vbv-maxrate 40000 –qcomp 0.5 –me umh –direct auto –subme 6 –trellis 2 –mvrange 511 –nal-hrd –sar 1:1 –output NUL “Z:\G\Blu-Ray Rips0001.avs”
    –[Error] An error occurred: x264 [error]: invalid argument: nal-hrd = –sar
    –[NoImage] Standard output stream
    –[NoImage] Standard error stream
    –[Information] [10/13/2010 3:57:42 PM] Job completed
    -[NoImage] Error starting job
    –[NoImage] Exception message: starting encoder failed with error ‘Process has exited’
    –[NoImage] Stacktrace: at MeGUI.core.gui.JobWorker.startEncoding(TaggedJob job)
    –[NoImage] Inner exception: null

    If anybody can offer a way around this it will be greatly appreciated.

    Kind Regards,



  • 38. So Cool  |  October 21, 2010 at 10:45 pm

    Hi Everyone,

    I am looking for an x264 profile that is sutied to my Blu Ray player, which is a Soniq:


    Any ideas? I am able to play rips downloaded off the net, but just can’t get my own to work!

    So far I have tired “BluRay” & “AVCHD” x264 profiles without any luck (player either crashes, or doesn’t play the file).

    Any help will be appreciated.


    Cool Dude


  • 39. So Cool  |  October 24, 2010 at 10:41 pm

    Check this out:


    Particularly Mankmeister’s comment regarding MKVMerge – verisons – should you want rips that will play in a Blu Ray player, and not just on your computer.


  • 40. So Cool  |  October 31, 2010 at 10:31 pm

    Hi Everyone,

    I have followed the tutorial above to the letter, however when I attempt to play my Blu Ray rips on my Soniq (QPB302B) player I am seeing “blockiness”:

    If anybody has any further suggestions they will be greatly appreciated.



  • 41. Beatslars  |  November 24, 2010 at 8:22 pm

    I am running parallels 5 on my mac and I cannot get command prompt to find eac3to316, or the latest version 324. I put it in C:\. and it’s not working. I type in “cd c:\eac3to316″ and it doesn’t work.


    • 42. Gill  |  March 1, 2012 at 7:43 am

      the folder name must be called “eac3to316″ not just “eac3to” like how it comes by default when u download and extract it..hope that helps!


  • 43. Sarab  |  June 26, 2011 at 6:18 am

    Hi dude, i found ur guide helpful.
    but i need a help in re-encoding.
    I just downloaded a 2.5 GB XviD movie ripped by a team on net.
    i want to re-encode it to 300 mb rip.
    i am alredy doing these rips using megui but this movie is giving problem,it gives me worst result in video.For it i increased fps from 25 to 29.976 so that i can get more bitrate to encode,which i got also, but result was more bad,Pixelation occurs,blur image etc. probs. and audio is out of sync.
    so pls can u help me in any way for this re-encode ??


  • 44. Gill  |  March 1, 2012 at 7:37 am

    at SARAB, you cannot encode a downloaded video u need to to encode the source which would be a dvd, bluray disc, or pvr/dsr recording…hope this helps..once a movie has been encoded to xvid or x264 whatever it is…the only thing that can be changed is the container.


  • 45. Gill  |  March 1, 2012 at 7:42 am

    @ beatslars…why would u watch any movie in a bluray player..its better to burn them to bluray 25 gb data discs and play them in a bluray disc drive using mediaplayer classic which comes in k-lite mega codec pack…and open a video in the player and right click and go to “video frame” then click “stretch to window” it will destroy the stupid black bars and change the aspect ratio to true 16:9 (1.77) on any display ur computer is connected to doesnt matter which 1 as long as u have the video frame set to stretch to window itll do that…and if u watch them on a disc player the huge stupid ugly movie ruining black bars will be there unless the aspect ratio of the video is 16:9 (1.77)


  • 46. georgekalogeris  |  May 20, 2012 at 6:04 pm

    just a quick question:
    I assume resizing takes time.
    Why not leave Resize box unticked ????


  • 47. Zorro  |  August 31, 2012 at 9:58 am

    Hi Ribo,

    On “ffdshow” you used the “tryout” December 22, 2008 build. When I go to SourceForge there are Mutliple Builds “CLSID” or “XXL” or “ICL10″ then there is x32 or x64 …

    Q1: which one in 2008 Build do you have?
    Q2: the Oldest version that I saw was “ffdshow_rev3013_20090620_clsid.exe” … so what now!?!?

    Also on a different note … when a Movie is identified as 2.35:1 on IMDB … if there are 2 Encodes as follow which is a BETTER encode #1 or #2 … True’er to the Original film … so the faces are not Chubbier than they should be and so forth

    #1) 1280×536 [2.388:1] vs
    #2) 1280×528 [2.424:1]




  • 48. Kent  |  August 31, 2012 at 5:42 pm

    Is there a FREEWARE Option instead of “SurCode DVD DTS, DTS audio encoder”!?!?


  • 49. Stuart  |  July 22, 2013 at 5:33 am

    It’s nearly impossible to find knowledgeable people in this particular subject, however, you seem like you know what you’re
    talking about! Thanks


  • 50. michael michas  |  November 28, 2013 at 4:46 am

    have you anything guide for 3d movies with megui?


Dolphin Zero Is MoboTap’s New, Privacy-Focused Browser For Android

The recent revelations of NSA spying over our internet activities has caused quite a hullabaloo among the masses. If you’re online reading this article, chances are that your online activity is being monitored by the NSA or some other government agency. However, you may now avoid this altogether by using MoboTap’s new app dubbed Dolphin Zero, which aims to provide James Bond-level super secure web browsing. Released by the same company that has brought us the popular Dolphin Browser for Android and iOS, and being described as the ‘Snapchat of browsers’ , Dolphin Zero automatically keeps websites that you browse from tracking you, and deletes any data and information about your browsing session as soon as you exit it.

While we don’t usually expect fancy designs from web browsers, Dolphin Zero’s UI is a bit on the ‘too simple’ side. The app doesn’t really offer any settings or options at all, other than letting you change the search engine used for your queries. Speaking of the search engine, MoboTrap has also teamed up with DuckDuckGo to double down on its ‘Do Not Track’ policy. That means all your search queries will not be tracked in any way. Furthermore, the app doesn’t keep any info regarding form data, passwords, browser history, user’s address, book, cookies, location information etc.

Users can however, easily switch to other search options including Google, Yahoo and Bing. The address bar of the app has been well put together, making it work both as a URL bar and a search bar.

Dolphin Zero_Main Dolphin Zero_Search

When I used Dolphin Zero for the first time, I thought it was a browser that would simply block all web page advertisements and annoying third-party popups that nag our browsing experience, but I was wrong. Dolphin Zero still displays ads, including JavaScript and image banners. It’s basically a stripped-down version of the standard Dolphin browser, but with high-level security features built into its core.

On the bright side, you wouldn’t need to worry about your data being tracked by third-party cookies, as Zero automatically shreds all such information when you exit the browsing session. Hitting the menu key on your device will give you two options: Install and Exit. While the later is self explanatory, the former allows you to download the full version of Dolphin from Play Store.

Dolphin Zero_AT Dolphin Zero_Exit Dolphin Zero_Shred

Dolphin Zero is available free to download from Google Play, while a version for iOS will be arriving at some point, though MoboTrap has yet to let out any details regarding when that will happen.

Install Dolphin Zero from Play Store